Potential Complications of Wearing Braces

Although orthodontic braces can help promote a better look and function for teeth in the long run, wearing braces can also cause some short-term complications. None of these are especially likely to happen for any one patient, but dental doctors understand the risks of these developing conditions.

Here are some of the top reported problems with wearing orthodontic braces.

Rapid Jaw Growth Changes Results


In some patients, a rapidly growing jaw can throw the original orthodontic strategy off balance. The braces may need to be corrected over time to deal with this condition.



When dentists talk about relapse, they’re generally talking about teeth returning to their same poor positioning when the braces are taken off. Follow up care may be necessary in these cases.

Re-Absorbing Roots


In some cases, the roots of the teeth “reabsorb” for a patient with braces. Doctors can explain the specific risks and results of this condition.

Tooth Decay 

Those who are wearing braces have to have a special vigilance regarding decalcification or development of cavities. The positioning of the small metal braces can cause plaque buildup in some areas.

Periodontal Problems


In addition to tooth decay, braces can also raise risks of gingivitis or periodontal disease if the wearer doesn’t take care to brush by the gum line, floss teeth, and otherwise engage in good home care. Since braces can cause challenges for brushing and flossing, this daily behavior is even more important for those with orthodontic braces.

Mouth Sores


In some cases, the metal braces can rub against the cheek or other interior mouth surfaces, causing soreness or blistering. Patients should report these symptoms to their orthodontist to see if the braces can be altered according to this consideration.



This rare condition includes tooth roots bonding to the jaw bone. It means there may not be as much opportunity to control the direction of the teeth with braces, and orthodontic treatments may not be as effective.

Allergic Reactions


Some patients might have allergic reactions to some of the materials included in their orthodontic braces. Avoid this complication by listing any known allergies when you arrive at your orthodontist’s office.

Loose Brackets


Some braces can become loose over time, causing other complications. Keep an eye on your orthodontic braces to make sure they are in their original positioning during the length of treatment.

Unanticipated Length of Treatment


Some braces just take longer to be effective than they were supposed to. An orthodontist might have to change his recommendation from the original examination or consultation if significant conditions get in the way of quick orthodontic treatment.

The above are some of the things that can happen with orthodontic braces. Talk to your doctor at length before choosing dental treatments to be fully informed of the risks and benefits of braces or any other dental procedure.

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