Forceps are instruments used in dentistry for grasping holding firmly and applying pressure to objects. In oral surgery exodonita forceps are used to remove a tooth forcefully and transfer forceps are used to safely move instruments from the sterilizer to the tray.
The handles of forceps are designed for a palm grasp position and usually have a hook on one handle to provide additional leverage. The tips of the forceps (or beaks) are designed to fit the curve of the crown of the tooth and on to the cementum of the tooth. Universal forceps can be used on either the let or right side a dental arch.
Different forceps are used for different types of tooth extractions and these are explained below.Maxillary teeth (relating to the upper jaw or jawbone)
Incisors: No. 99-C forceps or No. 150 Cryer (Universal) forceps
Cuspids & pre-molars: No. 286 forceps (bayonet forceps)
Molars: No. 24 No. 88R-2 No. 18R No 88L-2 & No. 18LMandibular teeth (relating to the lower jaw or jawbone)
Incisors: No. 151Cryer forceps
Cuspids & pre-molars: No. 103 forceps
Molars: No. 16 & No. 287 forceps
Third Molars: No. 222 forceps